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Ephesus played a vital role in the spread of Christianity. ef'-e-sus (Ephesos, "desirable"): A city of the Roman province of Asia, near the mouth of the Cayster river, 3 miles from the western coast of Asia Minor, and opposite the island of Samos. During the Iconoclastic period two bishops of Ephesus suffered martyrdom, Hypatius in 735 and Theophilus in the ninth century. Their identification and stirring up of the crowd began a long series of events that would lead to Paul being arrested by the Romans and sent to Rome for trial. The Pantheon is situated on more, In the year 507 B.C., the Athenian leader Cleisthenes introduced a system of political reforms that he called demokratia, or “rule by the people” (from demos, “the people,” and kratos, or “power”). The structure, completed around 126-128 A.D. during the reign of Emperor Hadrian, features a rotunda with a massive domed ceiling that was the largest of its kind when it was built. The Biblical Significance of Ephesus The ancient city of Ephesus is a favourite destination of tourists visiting Turkey because of its breath-taking ruins and significant historical and religious significance. Heraclitus of Ephesus (c. 500 BCE) was known to his contemporaries as the 'dark philosopher, so-called because his writings were so difficult to understand. Ephesus in The Bible As is known Turkey and Ancient Ephesus City had an important role for the early Christianity. Ephesus is one of the most popular places to go in Turkey for travelers interested in Biblical and historical sites. He banned freedom of worship, closed the schools and temples and forbade women many of the rights they’d enjoyed before. It is also possible Jesus' mother Mary, whom John was asked by Christ to take care of (John 19:26 - 27), followed him to Ephesus and died there. The Ephesian people, however, wouldn’t relocate and remained in their homes until Lysimachus forced them to move. Ephesus, now Selçuk in modern Turkey, was one of the most famous cities of the ancient Mediterranean. Founded in the Bronze Age and important from ancient Greek times, it contained the Temple of Artemis, one of the Seven Wonders of the World, and served as a crossroads between the East and West for centuries. Leave a Comment / Uncategorized. Current World Archaeology. "use strict";(function(){var insertion=document.getElementById("citation-access-date");var date=new Date().toLocaleDateString(undefined,{month:"long",day:"numeric",year:"numeric"});insertion.parentElement.replaceChild(document.createTextNode(date),insertion)})(); FACT CHECK: We strive for accuracy and fairness. History and description of the various attractions in Ephesus by a local tour agency that offers day trips at a reasonable cost. Its access to the sea brought it ships from many places within the Empire. Ephesus is located near the western shores of modern-day Turkey, where the Aegean Sea meets the former estuary of the River Kaystros, about 80 kilometers south of Izmir, Turkey. Battle of Magnesia, December 190 B.C. 1Timothy 1:3 - 4As I besought thee to abide still at Ephesus, when I went into Macedonia, that thou mightest charge some that they teach no other doctrine, neither give heed to fables and endless genealogies, which minister questions, rather than godly edifying which is in faith: so do. Ephesus played a vital role in the spread of Christianity. The Apostle Paul evangelized the city during his second and third missionary journeys and started the first Christian church in it (Acts 19). Acts 20:17And from Miletus he (Paul) sent to Ephesus, and called the elders of the church. It was also a hotbed of early Christian evangelism and remains an important archaeological site and Christian pilgrimage destination. Though not stated in Scripture, tradition has the Apostle John living in the city before and after his banishment to the island of Patmos. The Temple of Artemis was destroyed, its ruins used to build Christian churches. According to legend, the Ionian prince Androclos founded Ephesus in the eleventh century B.C. He asked the oracles in Delphi where and how he could find a new settlement for Greeks. The tradition that St. Luke also died there seems to be less strongly supported. Located on a limestone hill high above Athens, Greece, the Acropolis has been inhabited since prehistoric times. Much like the Eiffel Tower in Paris or the Parthenon in Athens, the Hagia Sophia is a long-enduring symbol of the cosmopolitan more, The Acropolis of Athens is one of the most famous ancient archaeological sites in the world. What does Lazarus, Rich Man parable mean. Upon his death in 323 B.C., one of his generals, Lysimachus, took over the city and renamed it Arsineia. It was estimated to be four times larger than the Parthenon and became known as one of the Seven Wonders of the World. UNESCO. Ancient Ephesus lies in a valley between two hills. Revelation 2:1 - 2Unto the angel of the church of Ephesus write: These things saith he that holdeth the seven stars in his right hand, who walketh in the midst of the seven golden candlesticks: I know thy works, and thy labor, and thy patience, and how thou canst not bear them which are evil . Byzantine Ephesus: Life in the City after Empire. Ephesus was an ancient port city whose well-preserved ruins are in modern-day Turkey. During the Byzantine era, Constantine the Great declared Christianity the official religion of all of Rome and made Constantinople the capital of the Roman Eastern Empire. KJV: he said, [Ye] men of Ephesus, what man INT: says Men Ephesians what indeed. Unlike other great Hellenistic/Roman cities—Alexandria, Antioch, Rome, Constantinople—Ephesus was abandoned in antiquity. After that Ephesus became once mor… Ancient History Encyclopedia. The Lord grant unto him that he may find mercy of the Lord in that day: and in how many things he ministered unto me at Ephesus, thou knowest very well. It was also the birthplace of the renowned philosopher Heraclitus. Another legend says Ephesus was founded by the Amazons, a tribe of female warriors, and that the city was named after their queen, Ephesia. Ephesus and its inhabitants are mentioned more than twenty times in the New Testament. Still, Ephesus was a port city with a deteriorating harbor and there was only so much that could be done to literally keep it afloat. . Ephesus was located near the mouth of the Cayster River only three miles from the coast. It had great natural advantages that made it ideal for prosperity and growth. The Ottoman Empire took final control of Ephesus in the fifteenth century; however, the city was in dire straits, its harbor practically useless. And he sailed from Ephesus. The answer of oracles was very interesting and simple. Modern-day excavations have revealed that three smaller Artemis temples preceded the Croesus temple. Acts 19. During this time, the heavy taxes imposed by the Roman government led to the rebellion of Mithridates and, in 88 BCE, a massacre of all the Latin speaking inhabitants of the city was carried out during the storming and sack of Ephesus by the Roman army under Sulla. Ephesus continued to thrive even as other Ionian cities rebelled against Persian rule. Tours, Athens, Greece 35A, Dimokratias str., Athens,Greece Phone: + 30 210 2323604 Fax: + 30 210 2323604 E-mail: Member of the Greek Tourism Organization As Marvin Vincent mentions in his Word Studies in the New Testament, the young men of Ephesus were famous for their bull-fighting. It became the capitol of Asia Minor, was connected by highways with the interior of Asia and all her chief cities, and became a great commercial center. According to some sources, Ephesus was at the time second only to Rome as a cosmopolitan center of culture and commerce. Ephesus is mentioned multiple times in the New Testament, and the biblical book of Ephesians, written around 60 A.D., is thought to be a letter from Paul to Ephesian Christians, although some scholars question the source. The Ephesians rebuilt the temple even bigger. Ephesus was the prosperous capital of the Roman province of Asia. All Rights Reserved. 1Corinthians 15:32If after the manner of men I have fought with beasts at Ephesus, what advantageth it me, if the dead rise not? The church excelled at testing those who claimed divine inspiration and hated the teachings of those, like the Nicolaitans, who supported a hierarchical church structure. Most of the Ephesian ruins seen today such as the enormous amphitheater, the Library of Celsus, the public space (agora) and the aqueducts were built or rebuilt during Augustus’s reign. The city was once considered the most important Greek city and the most important trading center in the Mediterranean region. Ephesus. Ephesus was one of the seven churches of Asia to which the Revelation to John was addressed. spiritual meaning of ephesus. Tired of Paul’s attacks on the goddess he worshipped, and worried that the spread of Christianity would ruin his trade, Demetrius plotted a riot and enticed a large crowd to turn against Paul and his disciples. Acts 19:26Moreover ye see and hear, that not alone at Ephesus, but almost throughout all Asia, this Paul hath persuaded and turned away much people, saying that they be no gods, which are made with hands . Ephesians 1:1Paul, an apostle of Jesus Christ by the will of God, to the saints which are at Ephesus, and to the faithful in Christ Jesus. Acts 19:35And when the townclerk had appeased the people, he said, Ye men of Ephesus, what man is there that knoweth not how that the city of the Ephesians is a worshipper of the great goddess Diana, and of the image which fell down from Jupiter? According to local belief, Ephesus was the last home of the Virgin, who was lodged near the city by St. John and died there. They are also, however, reminders of the human capacity for disagreement, more, Jerusalem is a city located in modern-day Israel and is considered by many to be one of the holiest places in the world. Therefore, scholars have proposed that the city may have originally been assigned one of these names, but then over time the pronunciation of the name changed to ephesos (Ephesus). Unfortunately, since they had left their first love of the gospel, they were in danger of dying out. The legend says that as Androclos searched for a new Greek settlement, he turned to the Delphi oracles for guidance. Much of Ephesus’s ancient history is unrecorded and sketchy. In the time of the Romans it bore the title of "the first and greatest metropolis of Asia." Acts 19:35 Adj-GMP GRK: γινώσκει τὴν Ἐφεσίων πόλιν νεωκόρον KJV: how that the city of the Ephesians is INT: knows the of [the] Ephesians city temple-keeper. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia. The city suffered severe damage in an earthquake in 17 CE. In 356 B.C., a crazed man named Herostratus burned down the Temple of Artemis. According to Greek mythology, the ancient city of Ephesus was established by Greeks in 11 Century B.C. A church that upholds doctrinal purity at the expense of showing love is just as flawed as a church that upholds congregational harmony at the expense of truthful teachings. One day, as Androclos was frying fish over an open fire, a fish flopped out of the frying pan and landed in the nearby bushes. After Ephesus City was invaded by Goths in 263 AD and they destroyed both the city and the Temple of Artemis. It was colonized principally from Athens. The Bronze-age acropolis, or citadel built on a hill, is one of the great cities of the Mycenaean civilization that played a vital role in classical more, The Pantheon is one of the best-preserved monuments of ancient Rome. Ephesus is twice mentioned in the Apocalypse ( 1:11; 2:1). She was also one of the most revered Greek deities. In light of the content of the letter to this church in Revelation 2, Pastor Armstrong favors the interpretation of … Ephesus synonyms, Ephesus pronunciation, Ephesus translation, English dictionary definition of Ephesus. A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z. EPHESUS. In 281 B.C., Lysimachus was killed at the Battle of Corupedium and the city was renamed Ephesus again. An ancient city of Greek Asia Minor in present-day western Turkey. What is known is that in the seventh century B.C., Ephesus fell under the rule of the Lydian Kings and became a thriving city where men and women enjoyed equal opportunities. 2. Series NotesScripture quotes are taken from the King James translation.The definition of each listingis derived from a variety of sources. Throughout the centuries, the more, Mycenae is an ancient city located on a small hill between two larger hills on the fertile Argolid Plain in Peloponnese, Greece. With an artificial harbor accessible to the largest ships, and rivaling the harbor at Miletus, standing at the entrance of the valley which reaches far into the interior of Asia Minor, and connected by highways with the chief cities of the province, Ephesus was the most easily accessible city in Asia… In 431 A.D., a council was held in the Church of Saint Mary which confirmed the Virgin Mary as the mother of God. . This left Ephesus, a city already facing decline due to accumulating silt in its harbor, left to fend increasingly for itself. In the sixth and seventh centuries A.D., a massive earthquake and the harbor’s continuing decline left Ephesus a shell of the city it used to be, and Arab invasions forced most of the population of Ephesus to flee and start a new settlement. Ephesus City lived it’s Golden age in Roman Empire and christianized during 1 centry AD by visits of Apostle St. John and St. Paul. Recalling the oracles’ wisdom, Androclos built his new settlement where the bushes stood and called it Ephesus. Ephesian officials, however, protected Paul and his followers and eventually Christianity became the city’s official religion. Unto the angel of the church of Ephesus write; These things saith He that holdeth the seven stars in His right hand, who walketh in the midst of the seven golden lampstands. It was Jews from Asia, most of which were from the city and knew what the Apostle Paul looked like, that identified him in Jerusalem's temple (Acts 21:27). during the height of the ancient Greek Empire. Ephesus is twice mentioned in the Apocalypse (1:11; 2:1). In 334 B.C., Alexander the Great defeated the Persians and entered Ephesus. 2Timothy 1:16, 18The Lord give mercy unto the house of Onesiphorus; for he oft refreshed me, and was not ashamed of my chain . Acts 18:19 - 21And he (Paul) came to Ephesus, and left them there: but he himself entered into the synagogue, and reasoned with the Jews. Apostle Paul in Ephesus ( Starting in the first century A.D., notable Christians such as Saint Paul and Saint John visited and rebuked the cults of Artemis, winning many Christian converts in the process.Mary, the mother of Jesus, is thought to have spent her last years in Ephesus with Saint John. Dedicated to the Greek goddess Athena, the Parthenon sits high atop a compound of temples known as the Acropolis of Athens. Ephesus was founded as an Attic-Ionian colony in the 10th century BC on a hill (now known as the Ayasuluk Hill), three kilometers (1.9 miles) from the centre of ancient Ephesus (as attested by excavations at the Seljuk castle during the 1990s). Ephesus was taken in 655 and 717 by the Arabs. --desirable; appealing.A city of Asia Minor, and capital of Ionia (Acts 20:17; Rev. Having such ancient treasures like the remains of the giant Temple of Artemis, the lavish Library of Celsus, a still existing large 25,000 seat amphitheater, the well preserved temple of the Emperor Hadrian and well looked after Terrace Houses (Houses of Rich). The emperor had made Ephesus a free city and it was given the title “Supreme Metropolis of Asia.” It also contained one of the seven wonders of the ancient world, the temple of Diana, and was a center of mystical cult worship. ... and in The knowledges of good and truth from Some define the name Ephesus as meaning “desirable.” In John ’s day Ephesus was the leading city of the Roman province of Asia, and later was its capital. There are, however, a couple of significant problems with interpreting Paul’s beasts as literal animals. The apostle John, according to tradition, spent many years in Ephesus, where he died and was buried. This is all a part of the beautiful park or paradise of God. … The reforms of Caesar Augustus brought Ephesus to its most prosperous time, which lasted until the third century A.D. Unfortunately, since they had left their first love of the gospel, they were in danger of dying out. Initially colonized by the Athenians, it grew to 250,000+ inhabitants in the first century B.C., making it the second largest populated area in the known world. Emperor Theodosius erased all traces of Artemis during his reign. Ephesus was one of the seven churches of Revelation that received a spiritual evaluation directly from Jesus Christ (Revelation 2:1 - 7). In 546 B.C., Ephesus fell to the Persian Empire, along with the rest of Anatolia. Artemis was the goddess of the hunt, chastity, childbirth, wild animals and the wilderness. I know thy works, and thy labour, and thy endurance, and that thou canst not bear the evil, and hast tried them that say they are apostles, and are not, and hast found them liars; © 2020 A&E Television Networks, LLC. The mythical founder of the city was a prince of Athens named Androklos, who had to leave his country after the death of his father, King Kodros. Subscribe for fascinating stories connecting the past to the present. By the end of that century, Ephesus was abandoned, its legacy left to archaeologists, historians and the thousands of visitors to flock to the region each year to see the ancient ruins. Its location on the great east-west road that ran from it to the Euphrates River also contributed to it being a chief hub of trade and a place where people wanted to live. Not every Ephesian was open to Paul’s Christian message. Acts 21:29 Adj-AMS GRK: Τρόφιμον τὸν Ἐφέσιον ἐν τῇ Bible Dictionaries - Easton's Bible Dictionary - Ephesus. These other cities continue to thrive today, which means that they cannot be completely excavated. His desire to preach and teach in Ephesus resulted in him residing in it for roughly three and one half years. It was founded in the tenth century BC (probably on or near the ruins of an even older settlement) and prior to the Roman conquest was ruled alternately by Ionians, Cimmerians, Lydians, Persians and finally the Greeks under Alexander the Great. The Hagia Sophia is an enormous architectural marvel in Istanbul, Turkey, that was originally built as a Christian basilica nearly 1,500 years ago. . A city of the Roman province of Asia, near the mouth of the Cayster river, 3 miles from the western coast of Asia Minor, and opposite the island of Samos. Later it became the capital of the theme of the Thracesians. The apostle John, according to tradition, spent many years in Ephesus, where he died and was buried. Lysimachus moved Ephesus two miles away and built a new harbor and new defensive walls. Ephesus is also known as; Ephisus, E… Significance Today: The lesson in the letter to Ephesus teaches that truth and love must go hand-in-hand. In 129 BCE the Roman Empire acquired Ephesus according to the will left by Attalos, King of Pergamon, by which they were bequeathed his kingdom. In the same city the fierce general Lachanodracon put to death thirty-eight monks from the monastery of Pelecete in Bithynia and other partisans of the holy images . Jerusalem is a site of major significance for the three largest monotheistic religions: Judaism, Islam and Christianity, and both Israel and Palestine have more. A spark ignited the bushes and a wild boar ran out. With an artificial harbor accessible to the largest ships, and rivaling the harbor at Miletus, standing at the entrance of the valley … The temple was later destroyed and never rebuilt. Ephesus was one of the seven churches of Revelation that received a spiritual evaluation directly from Jesus Christ (Revelation 2:1 - 7). Location The ancient city of Ephesus, located in western Asia Minor at the mouth of the Cayster River, was an important seaport. Some restoration of the city took place, but it never regained its splendor. 1 “To the angel of the church in Ephesus, write the following: (Rev 2:1) The city of Ephesus was one of the most remarkable jewels of the ancient world, in fact possibly number three in population in the Asia Minor (around 150,000 people), which is located in the Modern day Turkey. It was the first known democracy in the world. Both St. Paul and St. John spent the Apostle years in Ephesus. A business district was opened around 43 B.C. The Seleucid king Antiochus III took back Ephesus in 196 B.C. But if you see something that doesn't look right, click here to contact us! Ephesus was a city on the western coast of Asia Minor, near the mouth of the Cayster River. The central building faculty of the consciousness called desire. Mary, the mother of Jesus, is thought to have spent her last years in Ephesus with Saint John. Ephesus. Over the centuries, the Acropolis was many things: a home to kings, a more, Delphi was an ancient religious sanctuary dedicated to the Greek god Apollo. This well-illustrated page is a helpful overview of Paul’s time in the city. . As well as having a very important association with early Christianity. Little remains of it today, although some of its remnants reside in the British Museum, including a column with Croesus’s signature. It was located at the western terminus of a great highway that crossed Asia Minor from Syria, and this, together with its seaport on the Aegean, made it a major city for trade. In 262 A.D., the Goths destroyed Ephesus, including the Temple of Artemis. . Military History Encyclopedia on the Web. ; however, after being defeated at the Battle of Magnesia six years later, Ephesus fell under Pergamon rule. During the reign of Tiberius, Ephesus flourished as a port city. Ephesus continued to deteriorate, although it experienced a brief period of growth and construction under the rule of the Seljuk Turks in the fourteenth century. Metaphysical meaning of Ephesus (mbd) Ephesus, eph'-e-sus (Gk.) Seeming to hold the common understanding of the nature of life and the purpose of human life in contempt (as, in fact, he seemed to hold most, if not all, the human beings he came in contact with) Heraclitus compared most peoples understanding to that of those asleep. The city was also home to the temple of Diana (Artemis), considered to be one of the seven wonders of the ancient world. The city relied heavily on its iconic places of worship to attract visitors to support its struggling economy. let us eat and drink: for to morrow we die. It is believed John died in the city at the end of the first century A.D. C.B. • God did extraordinary miracles through Paul, such that even handkerchiefs and aprons touched by … For example, ephesos (Ephesus) sounds similar to the Greek words arestos (desirable) and epitrepo (permitted). Military History Encyclopedia on the Web. The church excelled at testing those who claimed divine inspiration and hated the teachings of those, like the Nicolaitans, who supported a hierarchical church structure. It’s name written in Holy Bible 16 times and known as one of the most important Early Christian City. Located on the Aegean Sea, Ephesus was ideally situated to become a center of wealth. This system was comprised of three more, The amazing works of art and architecture known as the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World serve as a testament to the ingenuity, imagination and sheer hard work of which human beings are capable. 1. Her house and John’s tomb can be visited there today. Ancient Ephesus City (Ephesus Breeze). Some define the name Ephesus as meaning “desirable.” In John ’s day Ephesus was the leading city of the Roman province of Asia, and later was its capital. The oracles told him a boar and a fish would show him the new location. In 129 B.C., King Attalos of Pergamon left Ephesus to the Roman Empire in his will and the city became the seat of the regional Roman governor. It was noted for its wonderful temple that was built for worship of the goddess Diana.. Meta. Starting in the first century A.D., notable Christians such as Saint Paul and Saint John visited and rebuked the cults of Artemis, winning many Christian converts in the process. The ruined city of Ephesus, pronounced Eph-e-sus (as [efəsəs]), is a true marvel, for it is a place of great historical, cultural and architectural significance. to service the massive amounts of goods arriving or departing from the man-made harbor and from caravans traveling the ancient Royal Road. In 263 B.C., Ephesus fell under Egyptian rule along with much of the Seleucid Empire. Throughout history, Ephesus survived multiple attacks and changed hands many times between conquerors. The city was famous for its temple of Diana (or Artemis, Acts 19:27 ), and pilgrims came to Ephesus from all over the Mediterranean world to worship the goddess. Demetrius made silver coins featuring the likeness of Artemis. Also we see in Act 18:15 that St John the Baptist disciples came to Ephesus after the Jesus Christ’s ascension. Additionally, the city of Ephesus was known as a center of pagan worship as the Temple of the Greek goddess Artemis (Roman goddess Diana), considered one of the seven wonders of the ancient … When they desired him to tarry longer time with them, he consented not; But bade them farewell, saying, I must by all means keep this feast that cometh in Jerusalem: but I will return again unto you, if God will. 2:1).Ephesus was at one time a center of learning, also of commerce. Ephesus was a splendid Greek city of Asia Minor, situated half-way up the western coast of modern-day Turkey, on the river Cayster. Ephesus [N] [H] [S] the capital of proconsular Asia, which was the western part of Asia Minor. . The Lydian King Croesus, who ruled from 560 B.C. “The temple was 425 feet long, 220 feet wide, and 6… Chapter 19 in the Book of Acts tells of a riot started by a man named Demetrius. Developed in the 8th century B.C., the sanctuary was home to the Oracle of Delphi and the priestess Pythia, who was famed throughout the ancient world for divining the future and was consulted before more, The Parthenon is a resplendent marble temple built between 447 and 432 B.C. by Androclos, the son of legendary King of Athens. Ephesus. to 547 B.C., was most famous for funding the rebuilding of the Temple of Artemis in Ephesus. This valley slopes toward the sea.

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