910–1139: Part of the Kingdom of León as the County of Portugal 1915–1921: Republic of El Salvador (As an official name from June 7) 1830—1848: July Monarchy Since 598,000 BC humans have been settled starting within a 30-metre (100 ft) terrace, with primitive Acheulean and Abbevillian (Chellean).. What Are the Oldest Countries in Europe? During the Iron Age, the land was inhabited by Cimmerians, Scythians, and Sarmatians. 687–1090: Part of the Srivijaya Empire 1709—1738: Hotak Emirate 1882–1918: Part of the Kingdom of Serbia 83–395 AD: Germania Superior and Germania Inferior, parts of the Roman Empire Get a 30-day free trial with Audible at http://audible.com/wonderwhy or text wonderwhy to 500 500; choose 1 audiobook and 2 Audible originals per month. First human settlement from 1.8 Million BC. 1609–1821: Part of the Captaincy General of Guatemala (alternativelly Kingdom of Guatemala) within the Viceroyalty of New Spain (Part of the Spanish Empire) 1814–1848: Swiss Confederation (in Restoration and Regeneration) with the Congress of Vienna of 1815. 1569–1629: Divided between the Duchy of Courland and Semigallia and the Duchy of Livonia, both part of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth 1207–1215: Terra Mariana, State of the Holy Roman Empire 1000–1500: Mollo culture The Phoenicians are fixed in Tripolitania, and the Greeks, in Cyrenaica. 314 BC-301 BC: Part of the kingdom of Antigonus I Monophthalmus 1225–1231: Center of the Khwarazmian Empire 750–945: Part of the Abbasid Caliphate 1823–1841: Federated state of the Federal Republic of Central America 1757–1858: Part of the British Empire as Bengal Presidency, part of the Company Raj 1613–1621: Governorate General of Brazil, part of the Portuguese Empire In a surprising … September 15–24, 1821: Republic of Nicaragua One of the major causes of … 934–1055: Buyid Dynasty April–May 1918: Part of the Transcaucasian Democratic Federative Republic 1641–1824: Dutch Malacca, part of the Dutch Empire 1840–1921: Republic of Guatemala EDIT: /u/Diupa pointed out below that San Marino grew in 1463 and 1464, with the gain of 4 new towns/villages. 1924–1935: Second Hellenic Republic 1624–1662: Dutch Formosa / Spanish Formosa 1747–1796: Part of Afsharid Empire 1236–1335: Part of the Mongol Empire as its territory c. 700–1900: Kanem–Bornu Empire 323 BC- 305 BC: Part of the Satrap of Laomedon of Mytilene . 1812: French Occupation 1468–1508: Part of Agh Qoyunlu 1943–1990: Byelorussian Soviet Socialist Republic, a federated state of the Soviet Union (USSR) 1404–1544: Divided between the Banu Sulaym tribe (Cyrenaica) and the Sultanate of Tunis (Tripolitania) In the West the Seljuk Empire Borders—particularly national borders—affect travel and migration. 1190–1444: Various Albanian principalities (including the Principality of Albania) 1971–1997: Republic of Zaire The Border Roads Organisation (BRO)(Indian army corps of engineers) develops and maintains road networks in India's border areas and friendly neighboring countries. The territory of Chad has been inhabited since the Paleolithic Era. 121 BC—395 AD: Gaul, part of the Roman Empire 1960–1969: Republic of the Congo (Brazzaville) 1918–1929: Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes 1609–1821: Part of the Captaincy General of Guatemala (alternativelly Kingdom of Guatemala) within the Viceroyalty of New Spain (Part of the Spanish Empire) 1524–1821: Part of the Spanish Empire with a viceroyalty of New Spain as a Kingdom of Guatemala Oldest Countries in the World Iran. Reading of the, From 110 BCE, with the Seleucid Empire disintegrating, the dynasty became fully independent, expanded into the neighbouring regions of Samaria, Galilee, Iturea, Perea, and Idumea, and the rulers took the title "basileus". Denmark, Finland, Lithuania and Norway, have held most internal borders in place due to fears of another surge … 19–c.240 AD: Indo-Parthian Kingdom, part of the Parthian Empire 668–935: Unified Silla Iran is the oldest country in the world with its sovereignty coming back in 3200 BC. 323–148 BC: Ancient Greece (Hellenistic period), Greece was divided in the Kingdom of Macedonia, Kingdom of Epirus, and the Aetolian League, Achaean League, and the city-states of Sparta and Athens. 1438–1542: Part of the Inca Empire 1190–1255: Principality of Arbanon, oldest of the Albanian principalities, also autonomous principality of the Byzantine Empire and later of the Despotate of Epirus 476–493: Kingdom of Italy (Odoacer). The name Dina Arobi has been associated with Arab sailors, but this is speculative, as the name is evidently of Sankritic origin (dwip (island) > diba > dina). 1898–1921: Republic of Honduras (United States has been occupied on the Honduran Land in 1903, 1907, 1911, 1912, 1919, 1924 and 1925). 324–1190: Part of the Byzantine Empire as the province of Macedonia , Since 2.2 million BC, India has been settled starting with Hominins who were from Africa by the expansion of civilization with the Madrasian and Soanian cultures. Idrisid Emirate of Asir 1826–1957: British Malacca: Straits Settlements, Federated Malay States, Unfederated Malay States 1945–1953:French protectorate of Cambodia ... Sweden's oldest university was founded in 1477. Greenland, Iceland & Faroe Islands remain under Danish rule Japan closes the list with its establishment happening back in 400. 331 BC-323 BC: Divided between the Empire of Alexander the Great (Cyrenaica) and Carthage (Tripolitania) Phoenicians (Anciente Lebanese) and Ancient Greeks arrived in the country in the 7th century BC and established colonies and cities. 1811–1816: Patria Boba period (Foolish Fatherland period) United Provinces of New Granada, a federal and republican state 1815–1866: Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, independent from France in 1815 and in union with other 37 states in the German Confederation, but also in personal union with Netherlands. 305–31 BC: Part of the Ptolemaic Kingdom 1893–1907: British Central Africa Protectorate, part of the British Empire Can anyone confirm/disprove? 875–999: Part of the Samanid Dynasty The Confederation of the Madyas and the Rajahnate of Cebu were in Visayas. 409–585: Kingdom of the Suebi Mongolia shares a border of 4677 km with China, the longest for both countries. 2333–108 BC: Kingdom of Gojoseon (Founded by Dangun according to legend) 1603–1649: Kingdom of Scotland, in personal union with the Kingdom of England 224–651: Part of Sassanid Empire 1896–1898: Federated state of the Greater Republic of Central America Political Matrix E: -6.50, S: -6.67 : What's the oldest non-island country in the world with its current borders? 901–918: Kingdom of Taebong Note: This list is not taking into account empires of the past, like those that existed in Greece and Rome. 481–768: Part of the Kingdom of the Franks Plus the Vijayanagara Empire (1336–1646) 1653–1659: Commonwealth of England, Scotland and Ireland 1002–1198: Duchy of Bohemia, State of the Holy Roman Empire c.700 BC-1521 AD: Zapotec civilization The small state of Pala was established 581–618: Sui dynasty So why do we erect barriers to human mobility? 148 BC-324 AD: Part of the Roman Empire (1760–1794): Zand Dynasty 750–1258: Part of Abbasid Caliphatec.1236 1908–1946: Tsardom of Bulgaria (reunified with Eastern Rumelia where was a part of the Ottoman Empire) Dates refer to de facto rule or occupation of the major territory, whether or not legitimized by international recognition. 1945–1946: Kingdom of Italy 750–821: Part of Abbasid Caliphate 1942–1945: Part of Japan in World War II 1740–1843: Kingdom of Sanwi Border Line Names of India. 661–750: Part of the Ummayad Caliphate Mongolia. 814–202 BC: Part of the Carthaginian Empire 674–1122: Toltec Kingdom 1922–1961: British Cameroon, part of the British Empire 1625–1804: Part of the French Empire as Saint-Domingue The list shows large groupings associated with the dates of independence from decolonization (e.g. All others can be ranked below. 1907–1947: Dominion of New Zealand, monarchic state in a personal union with the United Kingdom 1569–1795: Part of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth 1946–1949: Second Hungarian Republic 2230 BC: Eblaite Kingdom and Mariote Kingdom, independent states This led to a short conflict, known as the Battle of Valdevez. 1621–1815: State of Brazil, part of the Portuguese Empire 568–754: Kingdom of the Lombards, later the Kingdom of (all) Italy (Latin: Regnum totius Italiae). 1886–1975: part of the French Empire 1858–1863: Granadine Confederation (confederal state) 27 BC-395 AD: Center of the Roman Empire 1335–1357: Chobanid Dynasty 661–750: Part of the Umayyad Caliphate 648–656: Part of the Rashidun Caliphate 918–1392: Kingdom of Goryeo 901–918: Kingdom of Taebong 1946–1992: Part of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia January 26, 1650: Expulsion of the Portuguese December 8, 1958 1958–1975: Republic of Dahomey (French self-governing colony) 224–637: Part of the Sassanid Empire c.1467–1499: Divided between the Kedah Sultanate, Malacca Sultanate, Pahang Sultanate and the Majapahit Empire 1918: Duchy of Courland and Semigallia, de jure independent state (was a client state of Germany) 168 BC-395 AD: Part of the Roman Republic (later the Roman Empire) See also: disputed territories. 550-c.706/717: Kingdom of Chenla Sparta and Crete not joined this league 1945–1984: Part of the British Empire 1568–1888: Divided between the Sultanate of Brunei and the Sultanate of Sulu 1525–1535: Part of the Columbian Viceroyalty (Part of the Spanish Empire) 1250–1287: Peninsular Malaysia was divided in many states like Kedah Sultanate, Samudera Pasai Sultanate, Langkasuka, Pahang Tua, etc. 1569–1795: Grand Duchy of Lithuania, federated state of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth 1929–1943: Part of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia as Vardar Banovina 324–1204: Part of the Byzantine Empire 549–330 BC: Part of Achaemenid Empire 385–418 AD: Part of the Western Roman Empire as Hispania China is the country which has maximum number of Bordering Countries. During the Mongolian Revolution of 1911, the tiny state of Tuva separated from Mongolia and became an independent country in 1921. 1325 BCE-1178 BCE: Hittite Empire 9000 BC–1525 AD: Inhabited by Native Hondurans, including Mayans, and Toltecs. 1810–1821: Part of the Viceroyalty of Peru (viceroyalty of the Spanish Empire) A world without borders makes economic sense Allowing workers to change location significantly enriches the world economy. But the loss and subsequent reclamation of Alsace-Lorraine takes it out of the running. (1722–1729): Part of Hotaki Emirate 1864–1953: United States of Venezuela 609 BCE-550 BCE: Lydia conquers all the west of Anatolia. c. 3000 BC-2290 BC: Eblaite Kingdom 1550–1069 BC: 18th–20th Dynasties of Ancient Egypt as a new kingdom 1347–1527: Three sultanates declared independent from Delhi Bahmani Sultanate (1347–1527), Malwa Sultanate (1392–1562), and Gujarat Sultanate (1407–1573). 385–418 AD: Part of the Western Roman Empire as Hispania queenmaeree +1. EDIT 2: Upon further research, Andorra may hold the title. 1832–1924: Kingdom of Greece This infographic visualizes current border closures worldwide as of April 02, 2020. 895–1000: Principality of Hungary, 1947–1950: Dominion of India, a monarchy in personal union with the United Kingdom(a federal state. , 1949–1989: Hungarian People's Republic 1946–1958: Syrian Republic, independente state This constitution cut North Korean ties with the, France swapped a small area of land with Andorra in 2001 to allow Andorra to construct the. c.1448 BC-1365: Part of the Kingdom of Mitanni and the New Kingdom of Egypt 1577–1672: Imamate of Aussa 1069–664 BC: 21st–25th Dynasties of Ancient Egypt 1536: Reformation in Denmark You only omitted that Brazil has the largest number of cured people in the world, and that it only entered the contagion route because its borders were open at the carnival for international tourism. 37 BC–668 AD: Kingdom of Goguryeo 1941–1944: Hellenic State, a government-in-exile during the axis occupation, and member of the allies during WWII. 1890–1962: Kingdom of Burundi, part of Ruanda-Urundi (Part of the Belgian Empire) Prior to 1999, the Constitution of Ireland claimed that "The national territory consists of the whole island of Ireland", but that its laws were only valid in the counties of the Republic. Mid-8th–12th Centuries: Pratihara Empire WhatsApp. As such, we’re listing dates of establishment as dates where the countries in question achieved a modern nation-state format, and … 1816–1942: Part of the Dutch Empire as Dutch East Indies The decades from the 890s to the 930s are only sparse documented in written sources. The original inhabitants of southern Africa were the San and Khoi peoples. Also, Tajikistan helps because of all the countries it borders. 1921–1922: Federated state of the Federal Republic of Central America 1174–1218: Part of the Ayyubid Sultanate (642–759/760): Part of Dabuyid dynasty 1405–1506: Center of the Timurid Emirate 1559–1670: Center of the Mali Empire I guess they haven't seen much conflict and definitely couldn't lose land easily, being mountain countries. The Ostrogoths was never recognised by the eastern emperors as "kings" (rex). 1250–1517: Mamluk Sultanate of Egypt (Baḥrī and Burjī dynasties) 30–375 AD: Kushan Empire From this day, the British sovereignty was established as the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. 1867–1918: Austro-Hungarian Monarchy, a dual monarchy with Austria (via Austro-Hungarian Compromise of 1867) Well, these pictures of country borders will restore your faith and make you believe that borders are just mere lines on our play field and love is still too big to bury. Feb–Aug 1958: Federated state of the Arab Federation, governed from Baghdad, Iraq. 1987–1991:People's Democratic Republic of Ethiopia 1707–1801: Kingdom of Ireland (in a personal union with Great Britain) 1346–1566: Island of Chios and port of Phocaea, Part of the Republic of Genoa (Maona of Chios and Phocaea) 661–750: Part of the Umayyad Caliphate 1619–1802: Under Administration of the Dutch East India Company, being part of the Dutch Empire 1938 Chaco War ends with a truce, the current border created; 2009 A final treaty is signed to clearly mark the border; Bolivia–Peru. 1912–1914: Provisional Government of Albania First hominid settlement from the 1.5 million BC. Press J to jump to the feed. Zeno negotiated with the invading Ostrogoths, convincing their king Theodoric to depart for Italy as magister militum per Italiam ("commander in chief for Italy") with the aim of deposing Odoacer. 1929–1943: Part of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia 1479–1912: Part of Ottoman Empire as Sanjak of Scutari c.2300 BC: Akkadian Empire 1670–1818: Pashalik of Timbuktu, part of Morocco 616 BC-608 BC: Part of the New Assyrian Empire and New Kingdom of Egypt The part of Africa now known as Malawi was settled by migrating Bantu groups around the 10th century. 899–976: Ruled by the Qarmatian Republic 1898–1914: part of the German New Guinea, part of the German Empire 824 BC-738 BC: Divided in many Syro-Hittite states in the west, while eastern regions are part of the Kingdom of Urartu and the New Assyrian Empire 1534–1536: War of succession 1670–1752: Part of the Khalidi Emirate 1945–1993: Part of the Czechoslovakia (interrupted by Warsaw Pact armies in 1968) 843–911: Part of East Francia as Alamannia From 1453, one of the titles used by the Ottoman Sultans was "Caesar of Rome" (Turkish: Kayser-i Rum), part of their titles until the Ottoman Empire ended in 1923. 1014–1152: Hammadid Sultanate 1453–1460: Despotate of Morea, ruled by the Palaiologos dinasty 1914–1925: Principality of Albania (via Albanian Declaration of Independence) 1958–1961: United Arab Republic (In union with Egypt) 1920–1932: Kingdom of Iraq under British Administration 1415–1580: Kingdom of Portugal and the Algarves (Portugal became into an empire until 2002). 1918–1933: Weimar Germany (a federal republic) 1163–1231: Part of the Khwarazmian Kingdom 1863–1945: French protectorate of Cambodia, a French protectorate within French Indochina — a collection of Southeast Asian protectorates within the French Empire. Some states, like the Kingdom of Dublin, was founded by Nordic invaders 1555-1717: Mughal Empire The Portugal–Spain border has been in place since 1297. 1535–1609: Part of the Viceroyalty of New Spain (Part of the Spanish Empire) 1757–1858: Part of the British Empire as the East India Company Self-government granted by United Kingdom, Unification of what is now the islands of Tonga by, Treaty with United States recognizing Tuvaluan control over. 1002–1024: Western regions are Part of the Fatimid Caliphate. 18 BC-660 AD: Kingdom of Baekje 1460–1895: Gyaaman 2575–2150 BC: 3rd–7th Dynasties of Ancient Egypt as kingdom 1255–1368: Kingdom of Albania, Dependency of the Angevin Kingdom of Sicily/Naples In a union such as Czechoslovakia, the Soviet Union, or the Kalmar Union, one of the constituents can be considered the dominant power – generally where the seat of government was located. After the fall of Assyria between 616 BC and 609 BC, a unified Median state was formed, which together with Babylonia, Lydia, and ancient Egypt became one of the four major powers of the ancient Near East. October–November 1852: Federated state of the Federation of Central America Border Controls Reintroduced in the Context of Coronavirus. From 898,000 BC humans has been settled stating with tribes, chiefdoms and confederations starting with Happisburgh on the Norfolk coast, with stone tools and footprints probably made by Homo antecessor. 1261–1453: Part of the Byzantine Empire under the Palaiologos dynasty Statistics on the JetPunk quiz Countries with the Longest Total Borders. 868–905: Tulunid Emirate c. 8500–c. 590–698: Part of the Exarchate of Africa 1231–1369: Part of the Mongol Empire Those empires consisted largely of city-states and/or fiefdoms, and bear little resemblance to our modern notion of countries or nation-states. Country: United Kingdom. 273–395: Part of the Roman Empire 1942–1945: Occupied by Japan Since 48,000 BC humans have been known to be living in the region, starting as Part of Indus Valley Civilisation and Bactria–Margiana Archaeological Complex. 1992–2002: Islamic State of Afghanistan Low sea-levels meant that Britain was attached to the continent for much of this earliest period of history, and varying temperatures over tens of thousands of years meant that it was not always inhabited. 1415–1577:Part of the Sultanate of Adal 1464–1591: Songhai Empire 201 BC-107 BC: Part of the Ptolemaic Kingdom of Egypt (Cyrenaica) There was also the Kingdom of Nicoya and the Kingdom of Talamanca Independence from Russia recognized by the highest Soviet executive body, Iceland becomes sovereign and independent from Denmark as the, No territorial changes on land have taken place, however the expansion of the, Independence declared from Germany and Russia, Separates from union with the Kingdom of the Netherlands, becomes Grand Duchy in its own right, The first partially free Parliament's vote after 45-year-long Soviet domination, Autonomous Principality of Romania founded; becomes kingdom in 1866 and achieved independence 1878, The people of San Marino established the positions of, Republic of Serbia declared legal successor to, Dissolution of crowns and kingdoms and creation. Hope this helps. Later ruled by the, 1945–1954: the second French rule, which was ended by the, This page was last edited on 1 December 2020, at 03:00. 1822–1884: Kingdom of Lesotho, 1821–1847: Settled but not claimed by United States. Much of Mongolia’s 3,845km long border with Russia was established by the Treaty of Kyakhta in 1727, but the modern border was shaped in 1911making it one of the longest land borders in the world. 1778–1968: Part of the Spanish Empire That said, Russia, Canada, and the United States are all very big in reality. 1183–1250: Principality of Antioch and the Ayyubid Sultanate 753–509 BC: Part of Roman Kingdom 1717–1880: Ruled by the Nawabs, nominally subordinate to the Mughal Empire until 1757, and to the British Empire after 1757 (Lost ruling power after the Battle of Plassey in 1757) 1921–1922: Federated state of the Federal Republic of Central America Since 40,000 BC humans have been settled by Native Timorese with tribes, kingdoms and confederations. 1823–1838: Federated state of the Federal Republic of Central America Occupied 1870–1876 by Brazil, in Triple Alliance with Argentina and Uruguay. c.300–1076: Ghana Empire 1340–1395: Part of the Mamluk Sultanate of Egypt in the West and of the Artuqid Beylik in the East However, if viewed from a Scottish perspective, an unbroken history of sovereignty can be traced from unification in 843 through the 1707 union with England (with a brief annexation by England from 1657 to 1660). 1806–1810: Occupied by the First French Empire as Kingdom of Holland 1076–1253: Uyunid Emirate (Bahrain) rules coastal areas in Eastern Arabia And Italy and Laos not just for the ones they border, but they are nice and short. c.2550 BCE-2000 BCE: The territory that today is Turkey was inhabited by Hattian, Hurrian and Anatolian tribes 858 BC-608 BC: Part of the Assyrian Empire 1937–1945: Japanese Invasion 1964—1985: Brazilian Military Dictatorship (Fifth Brazilian Republic) (a federal state, the federation had 22 federated states, 1 federal district and 4 federal territories) From 1294 to 1480 it was part of the Golden Horde) 1796–1824: Part of Qajar Empire 1369–1405: Part of the Timurid Emirate 1000 BC-300 AD: Yayoi era (Era when Japan was founded in 660 BC by Emperor Jimmu mythologically). 1953–1963: Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland, part of the British Empire 1841–1907: Colony of New Zealand, part of the British Empire 1250–1264: Principality of Antioch and the Mamluk Sultanate of Egypt 1659–1707: Kingdom of Ireland (in a personal union with England) 879–1026: Hindu Shahi 1896–1898: Federated state of the Greater Republic of Central America 1375–1412: Queen Margaret 802–1431: Khmer Empire founded 802 according to Sdok Kok Thom Inscription c.11th century: Akans were firmly established in the Akan state called 14,000 – 900 BC: Jōmon era 1918–1940: Republic of Estonia 1818–1823: Republic of Chile (Patria Nueva, New Fatherland) Kingdom of Hejaz c.1100–776 BC: Greek Dark Ages 270–273: Palmyrene Empire 1337–1376: Part of Sarbadars 247 BC – 224 AD: Parthian Empire 131 BC-64 BC: Western regions are part of the Roman Republic. 1219–1346: Duchy of Estonia, a direct dominion (Latin: dominium directum) of the King of Denmark 7th century-218 BC: Inhabited by Iberians, Cynetes, Lusitanians, Celtici, and Gallaeci 1992–2003: Part of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (New state) “Uttar Pradesh has borders with seven states and one country. 1629–1721: Divided between the Duchy of Courland and Semigallia, part of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, and the Swedish Livonia, part of the Swedish Empire Apr 8, … 43–385 AD: Part of the Roman Empire as Britannia 1772–1775: State of Maranhão and Piauí, part of the Portuguese Empire Idris I of Morocco convinced the Awraba Berber tribes to break their allegiance to the distant Abbasid caliphs in Baghdad and he founded the Idrisid dynasty in 788, Autonomous throughout its recorded history, and certainly since its 1768. 1025–1385: Kingdom of Poland When the Exarchate of Ravenna finally fell to the Lombards in 751, the Duchy of Rome was completely cut off from the Byzantine Empire, of which it was theoretically still a part. 1453–1822: Part of the Ottoman Empire Several wars were declared against Spain from 1868 to 1898, ending with the military support of USA to the Cuban Revolution. 1097–1148: Divided between the Banu Sulaym tribe (Cyrenaica) and the Banu Jami tribe (Tripolitania) 450–560: Hephthalite Empire 1868–1918: Part of the Austria-Hungary as the Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia 1945: Occupied by WWII Allies in 1945 840 BC-824 BC: Part of the New Assyrian Empire The rest of the island —known as Gaelic Ireland—remained under the control of various Gaelic Irish kingdoms The Fatimid Caliphate eventually developed a new and indigenous Arabic culture in Egypt. 1944–1991: Ukrainian SSR, federated state of the Soviet Union 1792—1804: First French Republic 1649–1653: Part of the Commonwealth of England 1076–1086: Part of the Almoravid Emirate 1037–1194: Part of Great Seljuq Empire 1991–1993: Russian Federation (a federal state, originally comprising 89 federal subjets)(with the 1978 constitution) 905–945: Part of the Abbasid Caliphate and Hamdanid Emirate Furthermore, arguments could be made both for and against certain countries being included in this list. c.650–c.750: Bengal was divided between various kingdoms, like Vanga and Samatata (Both ruled by the Khadga dynasty) 618–907: Tang dynasty 549 BC–331 BC: Part of Achaemenid Empire 1400 BCE-1325 BCE: Hittite Empire and Arzawa (a "kingdom" or a federation of local powers, Troy was one of the members) 1958–1960: Malagasy Republic, an autonomous republic within the French Community On October 12, 1813 the Paraguayan Republic was proclaimed. 1878–1918: Part of Austria-Hungary Empire I don't think territorial acquisitions by war count? 1991–2019: Republic of Macedonia (the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia) See new videos before anyone else, and bonus material including outtakes: http://www.patreon.com/jayforemanGet 2 months of Skillshare for FREE! 1896–1958: Part of the French West Africa, federation of colonies of the French Empire Possibly 70,000 BC-1788 AD: Inhabited by Indigenous Australians, 1920–1995: Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic, federated state of the Soviet Union, 1918–1920: Azerbaijan Democratic Republic 1779–1783: Part of the French Empire All others can be ranked below. Nation-building is a long evolutionary process, and in most cases the date of a country's "formation" cannot be objectively determined; e.g., the fact that England and France were sovereign kingdoms on equal footing in the medieval period 10,500 BC-853 AD: Inhabited by the Native Irish, including Gaelic and Celtic cultures. 1878–1898: Wassoulou Empire Retrospective of the three constituent countries in the island of Great Britain (For Northern Ireland see Ireland. 5th century-1216: Divided in various states, including the Kingdom of Gwynedd From 10,000 BC humans has been settled making first states as Indo-Europeans, including Phrygia and Thrace. 754–1870: Papal States (Interregna (1798–1799, 1809–1814 and 1849)). 1888–1942: Part of the British Empire 1918–1920: Occupied Enemy Territory Administration 1561–1721: Duchy of Estonia, dominion of the Swedish Empire 1500–500 BC: Inhabited by Vedic 2nd century: Alleged Indian Kingdom of Salakanagara in Java, 1979–1980: Under a Interim Government The territory of Botswana has been inhabited since the Paleolithic Era. 1894–1958: French Guinea, part of the French West Africa, part of the French Empire A stonemason, Marinus, who would eventually become a saint, came from his home in what is now Croatia to escape persecution for his Christian beliefs and founded the country as a republic. Portugal is the European country whose borders have remained officially unchanged the longest. 15th–19th century: Various Islamic Kingdoms, most notably Demak (successor state to the Majapahit Empire), Pajang (successor state to Demak), Mataram (successor state to Pajang) and Banten in Java; Malaka, Johor-Riau, Minang and Aceh in Sumatra; Brunei and Banjarmasin in Kalimantan, Makassar in Sulawesi, and Ternate and Tidore in Moluccas (652–625 BC): Part of Scythian Kingdom Ottomans conquered Fezzan between 1556 and 1577 1898 BC: Kingdom of Qatna and Mariote Kingdom, independent states (Mari conquered Ebla) 1371–1402: Moravian Serbia 1839–2009: Republic of Bolivia 30 BC-324 AD: Part of the Roman Empire as province 1990–1991: Kuwait Governorate, governorate of Iraq 1978–1992: Democratic Republic of Afghanistan 395–613: Part of the Eastern Roman Empire With the death of Nepos in 480, the Eastern Roman Emperor Zeno legally abolished the title and position of Western Roman Emperor and assumed the role of Odoacer's sovereign. September 24, 1821 – 1823: Part of the First Mexican Empire as Province of Guatemala Prior to the rise of the Persian Empire, several groups of people lived in the area that would later become Iran– this included the Elamites, who were a pre-Iranian civilization that settled in the far West and Southwest region of modern-day Iran and the Medes, who had control of most of Iran un… 1897–1910: Korean Empire (Read 3556 times) Mine eyes have seen the glory of the crushing of the Trump BRTD Atlas Institution Posts: 90,924. 1377–1463: Kingdom of Bosnia 1945–1991: Federated state of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia as SR Croatia 1463–1878: Part of Ottoman Empire This does not include extinct states, but does include several states with limited recognition. 1858–1947: Part of the British Empire as Bengal Presidency, part of British India Some countries have used the same flag for centuries. 632–724: Brahman dynasty of Sindh 1979–1989: People's Republic of Kampuchea 812: Civil war Creation of the Kingdom of France (West Francia), Treaty of Verdun, East Francia becomes the Holy Roman Empire (with the Kingdom of Germany as a main part of the empire), United with or annexed to England in 1542. 1607–1763: Thirteen British Colonies of America in the Atlantic coast, part of the British Empire; New Spain in the Southwestern United States and Florida, part of the Spanish Empire; New France in the Mississippi Basin, part of the French Empire 1136–1478: Novgorod Republic(Until 1238 it was a part of the Kievan Rus') 2003–2006: Part of the union of Serbia and Montenegro (successor state of Federal Republic of Yugoslavia) 1253-c.1400: Usfurids (Bahrain) rules coastal areas in Eastern Arabia. 200 BC-395 AD: Part of the Roman Empire as Germania Superior Here is a look at … 843–855: Part of Middle Francia 1517–1804: Sharifate of Mecca, part of the Ottoman Empire 965–1192: Part of the Byzantine Empire as Province 968–1171: Sharifate of Mecca, part of the Fatimid Caliphate 1942–1951: British Military Administration of Libya First human settlement from the year 598,000 BC. 420–589: Divided in Northern and Southern dynasties 1394–1412: Part of the Timurid Empire However, in some countries, the dates have been disputed and only estimated since the flag designed has changed over time. 1941–1945: Occupied by Nazi Germany as the Independent State of Croatia, a Fascist puppet. 1148–1159: Divided between the Banu Sulaym tribe (Cyrenaica) and the Kingdom of Africa (Tripolitania) Less than 1% of the world’s current land borders were drawn up before the year 1500. 1918–1919: First Hungarian Republic Note: Cyprus has been divided between two ethnicities as one sovereign state: Greek Cyprus and Turkish Cyprus from 1983. Peninsular Malaysia: New comments cannot be posted and votes cannot be cast, More posts from the AskHistorians community. 107–269: Part of the Roman Empire 1809–1821: Part of the Spanish Empire 778–909: Rustamid Imamate The oldest country considered to be Armenia. 1953–1958: Arab Republic of Egypt 1235–1554: Kingdom of Tlemcen 850–616 BC: Inhabited by Mannaeans 150 BC–400 AD: Parts of the Indo-Scythian Kingdom as Apracharajas and Paratarajas 18 current states gained control of sovereignty from Soviet Union and Yugoslavia between 1990 and 1992). 850–616 BC: Inhabited by Mannaeans 2700–539 BC: Inhabited by Elamites 1981–1987: Fifth Republic of Korea 329–323 BC: Part of the Macedonian Empire These communities formed the earliest city states (like Mombasa and Malindi) in the region which were collectively known as Azania. By many accounts, the Republic of San Marino, one of the world's smallest countries, is also the world's oldest country. Following this battle, the belligerent rulers came together and signed the Treaty of Zamora, which made Portugal independent. 1831–1858: Republic of New Granada (unitary state) The Catepanate of Italy, the last Roman (Byzantine) outpost in Italy was lost in 1071.  768–843: Center of the Kingdom of the Franks The Muslim, Hindu (including Maratha), and Sikh leaders took part in ceremonial acknowledgements of the emperor as the sovereign of India. c. 100 AD – c. 940 AD: Kingdom of Aksum 1822–1836: Republic of Peru 1271–1368: Yuan dynasty 1911–1943: Italian Libya, Part of the Italian Empire Human settlement of Madagascar occurred between 350 BC and 550 AD by Indianized Austronesian peoples, arriving on outrigger canoes from Indonesia. 1003–1163: Ghaznavid Sultanate Armenian Kingdom goes back as far as 6500 BC. 1355–1380: Part of the Majapahit Empire 1777–1834: Kingdom of Portugal and the Algarves (Napoleonic era) 123–270: Part of the Roman Empire 3150–2575 BC: 1st–2nd Dynasties of Ancient Egypt (Unified by Pharaoh Menes or probably Narmer, founder of the First Dynasty between Lower Egypt and Upper Egypt). Most of the Indian subcontinent was conquered by the Maurya Empire, during the 4th and 3rd centuries BCE. I am impressed with your concern in placing Brazil with one of the countries with the highest number of people infected by covid 19. 1968–2003: Iraqi Republic The country shares maritime borders with Denmark, Germany, Poland, Russia, Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia. 1803–1813: Kingdom of Napoleonic Spain, a French occupation. San Marino has existed since the 5th century and its borders have hardly changed since that time. 1823–1824: Provisional Government of Mexico 1640–1700: Monarchy of Spain Well, if we can believe the c.aim, it would be Japan. 1919–1920: Arab Kingdom of Syria 1889–1919: Sheikhdom of Kuwait, part of the British Empire as a protectorate (not recognized by the Ottomans) 1836–1921: Emirate of Jabal Shammar Since 19,000 BC humans has been settled by the Native Mexicans, including Nahuatl. What is now Jordan has been inhabited by humans since the Paleolithic period. 1933–1945: Nazi Germany 330–323 BC: Part of the Empire of Alexander the Great The Comoros have been inhabited by various groups throughout this time. 1919–1945: Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea 1795–1812: Part of the Russian Empire 1502–1829: Part of the Ottoman Empire 306 BC–301 BC: Antigonid dynasty 1763–1978: Part of the British Empire as its West Indies c.600 AD: The territory of modern Ukraine was the core of the state of the Bulgars (often referred to as Old Great Bulgaria). 1960–1975: Malagasy Republic, independent state 1603–1868: Tokugawa shogunate 1283–1547: Grand Duchy of Moscow (From 1283 to 1294 it was a part of the Mongol Empire. 1878–1918: German Empire (Prussia Unified in a federal monarchy with all state kingdoms of Germany, excluding Austria). 1867–1878: North German Confederation, union of 22 German-speaking states . Constitution and local government established, Governor-General becomes a New Zealand appointment, Republic of Palau created upon adoption of constitution. 1922–1936: Part of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, federated state of the Soviet Union In the Dominican Republic, every constitutional amendment is considered a new constitution.  Credit The Republic of San Mario, or the Most Serene Republic of San Marino is a microstate and is one of the smallest countries in the world with a size of just over 24 square miles and a small population of 33,562. 1500 BC–1290 BC: Hayasa-Azzi Confederation 1603–1642: Kingdom of Ireland. 1955–1971: East Pakistan (Part of Pakistan) 1909–1930: Idrisid Emirate of Asir Early settled civilizations in the Antiquity: the Dilmun civilization on the east of the Arabian Peninsula, Thamud north of the Hejaz, and Kindah kingdom and Al-Magar civilization in the central of Arabian Peninsula. 1940–1945: Occupied by Japan 1351–1524: Samma dynasty 605 BC-539 BC: Part of the New Babylonian Empire c.early 1200s-early 1500s: Southern regions are part of the Mali Empire 622–632: Muhammad, Prophet of Islam, united all the tribes of Arabia under the banner of Islam and created a single Arab Muslim religious polity in the Arabian Peninsula. Please read the rules before participating, as we remove all comments which break the rules. 1738–1796: Part of the Afsharid Empire 750–778: Part of the Abbasid Caliphate 1528-c.1620: Divided between the Johor Sultanate and the Perak Sultanate 1261–1453: Part of the Eastern Roman Empire ( Byzantine Empire) (Unlike many kingdoms and empires, the Eastern Roman Empire [and the Roman Empire before it] technically wasn't a hereditary monarchy; there were no formal succession laws in place to specify who was to succeed as emperor. 1910–1926: First Portuguese Republic If England is viewed as the dominant member, then history can be traced from Roman conquest, Saxon invasions, 10th century unification, and the 1066 Norman Conquest before the union of England and Scotland in 1707. 1402–1459: Serbian Despotate 1658–1850: Danish Gold Coast , 1960–1984:Republic of Upper Volta (independent) 1658: The sovereignty over Skåneland is transferred to Sweden 632–668: Old Great Bulgaria 1204–1297: Deva dynasty Principality of Najran, 1926–1932: Kingdom of Hejaz and Nejd, a dual monarchy that was the precursor to the modern day Saudi Arabia 1975–1979: Democratic Kampuchea 1775–1796: Kiev Viceroyalty, part of the Russian Empire 301 BC-240 BC: Part of the Seleucid Empire 1822—1889: Empire of Brazil (a unitary state) Pietrobon’s map is unique in that it overlays the approximate borders of present day countries to help us understand how Pangea broke apart to form the world that we know today. c. 9th century–1430: Gao Empire, 1964–1974: State of Malta1813–1964: Crown Colony of Malta1800–1813: Protectorate of Malta1798–1800: French occupation of Malta, the insurrection and independent Gozo1530–1798: Order of Saint John1130–1530: part of the Kingdom of Sicily1091–1130: part of the County of Sicily909–1091: part of the Fatimid Caliphate870–909: part of the Abbasid Caliphate395–870: part of the Byzantine Empire218 BC-395 AD: part of Roman Sicilia480 BC-218 BC: part of the Carthaginian Empire800 BC-480 BC: part of the Phoenician Empire. 1725–1894: Imamate of Futa Jallon (The Empire of Nicaea is considered the legitimate continuation of the Byzantine Empire because it managed to retake Constantinople.) 1086: Murder of Canute the Saint the first Danish royal saint 2055–1650 BC: 11th and 12th Dynasties of Ancient Egypt as the middle kingdom 1895–1945: Japanese Taiwan Read on to know the names of top countries that have the most number of neighbours: People's Republic of China China has a total number of 14 neighbouring countries namely Mongolia, Kazakhstan, North Korea, Russia, Kyrgyzstan, … 3rd century: Inhabited by Salian Franks 1921–1926: Sultanate of Nejd (Third Saudi State) Note: Each country maintained its own legal system and institutions. 1846–1863: Second Federal Republic of Mexico (a federal state, composed of 24 federated states, 1 federal territory and 1 federal district) A monastery at the top of Mount Titano, likely the center of the community, was constructed in sixth century BCE. , 1945–1949: Indonesian Struggle for Independence In Roman constitutional theory, the Empire was still simply united under one emperor, implying no abandonment of territorial claims. 323 BC- 320 BC: Part of the Satrap of Laomedon of Mytilene Country re-united under Gorm the Old & Harald Bluetooth 1159–1184: Divided between the Banu Sulaym tribe (Cyrenaica) and the Almohad Caliphate (Tripolitania) 80,000–20,000 BC: Inhabited by Aterians Stone tools from the Middle Paleolithic age along with fossils of other animals discovered at Ti's al Ghadah, in northwestern Saudi Arabia, might imply that hominids migrated through a "Green Arabia" between 300,000 and 500,000 years ago. 1918: Independence of Iceland 1817–1819: Third Republic of Venezuela 1332–1340: Interregnum, Denmark controlled by German counts 710–794: Nara era For most of the kingdom's history, the Byzantine-ruled Exarchate of Ravenna and Duchy of Rome separated the northern Lombard duchies, from the two large southern duchies of Spoleto and Benevento. 343–332 BC: Part of the Achaemenid Empire as the 31st Dynasty 22 BC-385 AD: Parts of the Roman Empire as Gallia Belgica and Germania Inferior 7th century-218 BC: Inhabited by Iberians 1918–1929: Part of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes as South Serbia 1859–1860: United Provinces of Central Italy 1469–1509: Part of the Aq Qoyunlu For these reasons I find it extremely unlikely that you will find a country with the same borders it has today prior to the 19th century. 1231–1244: Part of the Second Bulgarian Empire , 2002–2004: Transitional Islamic State of Afghanistan 1310–1522: Rhodes, under the Knights Hospitaller Island nations have the advantage in this matter, of course, because their boundaries have a natural definition. 1958–1960: Republic of Upper Volta, self-governing colony within the French Empire 1922–1979: Republic of El Salvador 1682–1721: 'Branderberger/Prussian Gold Coast 1090–1250: Part of the Dharmasraya 1591–1707: Mughal Empire 1969–1992: People's Republic of the Congo At 92, Queen Elizabeth II is not only one of the oldest heads of state but is also Britain's longest-reigning monarch. c.3300-c.1300 BC: Part of the Indus Valley Civilisation 935–1002: Unified with Moravia and Silesia under Boleslaus I, Duke of Bohemia, who acceded to the throne in 935. 1918: Kingdom of Lithuania 1603–1649: Kingdom of Scotland, in personal union with the Kingdom of England 1734–1936: Sultanate of Aussa 1893–1940: French Protectorate of Laos, a French protectorate within French Indochina — a collection of Southeast Asian protectorates within the French Empire. Its capital city is Monrovia, named after U.S. President James Monroe. 1814/5-1830: Bourbon Restoration 1535–1607: Part of the Captaincy General of Santo Domingo, part of the Viceroyalty of New Spain (part of the Spanish Empire) 1717–1723: Viceroyalty of New Granada, part of the Spanish Empire (1722–1729): Part of Hotaki Dynasty 395–476: Part of Western Roman Empire 1916–present: Republic of China (Taiwan) See the link below for additional information. 400 BC: Kingdom of D'mt, 1970–1987: Dominion of Fiji 1964–1971: Democratic Republic of the Congo (Kinshasa) 553–648: Part of the Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) The Gaza Strip has been occupied by Hamas since the 2007 war after Israeli disengagement from Gaza in 2005. 1051–1097: Banu Sulaym tribe (coastal areas) From 1294 to 1331 it was part of the Golden Horde) 1071–1174: Part of the Seljuk Empire 1653–1659: Commonwealth of England, Scotland and Ireland The country possibly divided into smaller parts ruled by various families 1014–1148: Part of the Zirid Emirate 1943–1986: part of the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands, administered by the United States 1700–1810: Kingdom of Spain At the end … 1796–1925: Qajar Empire 1975–1999: Part of Indonesia as Timor Timur 319–185 BC: Part of the Maurya Empire 14 Sep-7 Nov 1917: Russian Republic (a federal state) 826: Harald first Danish king to be baptised 1864: Schleswig, Holstein & Lauenburg is lost to Prussia 1406–1468: Part of Qara Qoyunlu 1159–1258: Abbasid Caliphate Latest News . 1891–1925: Parliamentary Chile (1760–1794): Part of Zand Empire 30–320 AD: Kushan Empire 1285–1415: Part of the Sultanate of Ifat The oldest country in its current form is arguably San Marino, established by early christians in the 5th century. 1795–1807: Divided between Austrian Empire, Prussia, and Russian Empire 661–750: Part of the Umayyad Caliphate The oldest border has a specific birthday: 8 September 1278. 1813–1814: Second Republic of Venezuela 206 BC–220 AD: Han dynasty 1918: Divided in the Courland Governorate, part of the Russian Republic, and a region occupied by Germany (Ober Ost) The Portal for Public History 1992–present: Republic of Uzbekistan (independence from Soviet Union declared 1991; constitution adopted 1992), 1870–1929: States of the Church (in prison) 2500–539 BC: Part of Phoenicia 1289–1516: Part of the Mamluk Sultanate c.800–c.1200 AD: Inhabited by the Saladoids 1820–1849: Republic of Haiti 637–661: Part of the Rashidun Caliphate 1940—1944: Occupied by Germany in WWII making Vichy France, a Nazi Puppet. 42-562: Gaya confederacy c.1500 BC-1521 AD: Mixtec Civilization 220–280: Divided in Three Kingdoms Our definition of a Sovereign State is a European concept that was not seen is most other cultures throughout history. 1203–1404: Banu Sulaym tribe (coastal areas) 608 BC-605 BC: Part of the New Babylonian Empire and New Kingdom of Egypt 1822–1832: After the War of Independence Greece declared independent as the First Hellenic Republic In 221 BC, Qin Shi Huang conquered the various warring states and created for himself the title of Huangdi or "emperor" of the Qin, marking the beginning of imperial China. 870–935: Duchy of Bohemia first independent from Great Moravia, 2009: Greenlandic Self-Governance after a referendum Border Line Names of India with different countries is important to ask in general awareness part in competitive … San Marino is officially the oldest sovereign state in the world, and the oldest constitutional republic as well and has the oldest written constitution in history, created in 1600, which is a constitution it still follows to this day. 334–306 BC: Macedonian Empire 1528–1542: Governorate of New Toledo(governorate of the Crown of Castille) 63 BC-270: Part of the Roman Republic (and later the Roman Empire) 1944—1946: Provisional Government of the French Republic 1000–1867: Kingdom of Hungary 1788–1901: Part of the British Empire 619–629: Part of the Sasanian Empire as Province 1335–1393: Part of Muzaffarid Dynasty 1943–1946: Part of the Democratic Federal Yugoslavia My guess would be some of the European microstates, like Andorra, San Marino and Leichtenstein. 1975–1992: Democratic Republic of Madagascar Share. 754–775: Divided between the Kingdom of the Lombards, the Papal States, Duchy of Benevento and the Byzantine Empire 875–999: Part of Samanid Emirate 10,000–2500 BC: Inhabited by Caspians 1823–1838: Federated state of the Federal Republic of Central America 1945: Japanese occupation of Cambodia 1632–1981: Part of the British Empire as its West Indies (interrupted by France in 1666) c.2000 BCE-1600 BCE: The territory that today is Turkey was inhabited by Hattian, Hittite, Hurrian, Luwian and Anatolian tribes. 481—768: Center of the Kingdom of the Franks 4th century: First Hindu Kingdom of Kutai in Kalimantan 1580–1640: Iberian Union (Portuguese Empire integrated with the Spanish Empire under the king Philip II). 928–1043: Ziyarid Dynasty 1098: Crusader states established in Syria: Principality of Antioch (1098–1268) and County of Edessa (1098–1144) 1945–1948: Occupied by the Soviet Union under the Provisional People's Committee, and later the People's Committee. 678–550 BC: Part of Median Empire 1917–1918: Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (a federal state) Pangea was the latest in a line of supercontinents in Earth’s history. Germanic Tribes from 5th century to 480 AD: Germania In the following maps, countries are color-coded based on the major industry that the oldest company falls under: Primary: Natural resources; Secondary: Manufacturing and processing; Tertiary: Services and distribution; Quaternary: Knowledge and information; Notes on …  ReddIt. c. 1600 BCE-1400 BCE: Hittite Empire and many small states in the west. The borders of four countries divide Africa’s Lake Chad: Niger, Chad, Cameroon, and Nigeria. 240 BC-127 BC: Center of the Seleucid Empire 1702–1975: Part of the Portuguese Empire 1939–1977: Spanish Republic (government in exile) Since as earliest as 2 Million BC, humans have been settled starting with the Renzidong. 1920–1923: Ottoman Empire, occupied by Greece, Italy, France, United Kingdom and Armenia (Treaty of Sèvres) (Republican Turks, led by General Mustafa Kemal Atatürk initiate the Turkish War of Independence to expel foreign occupation troops and at the same time wage a civil war against Turkish monarchists, seen as collaborationists by the republicans). 1926–1973: Kingdom of Afghanistan 876–905: Part of the Tulunid Emirate c.1600–1894: Kingdom of Dahomey (African kingdom). Pepin defeated the Lombards by 756 and granted the lands of the Duchy of Rome as well as the former Lombard possessions to the Papacy in what is referred to as the Donation of Pepin. 1621–1751: State of Maranhão, part of the Portuguese Empire The world’s oldest border is Andorra’s 120km border with France and Spain which was fixed in a feudal charter signed on 8 September 1278. It is the only Black state in Africa never subjected to colonial rule and is Africa’s oldest republic. San Marino . However, this title was never recognized by Europeans.) “Denmark (May 12 – November 12 2020) Coronavirus COVID-19 (to the extent necessary), terrorist threats, organized criminality; all internal borders,” Denmark decided. 1913–1921: Emirate of Nejd and Hasa (Third Saudi State) 1895–1920: East Africa Protectorate, part of the British Empire 1936–1941: Occupied by Italy 1910–1945: Part of the Empire of Japan 1966–1970: Guyana (monarchy) 1946–1992: Part of the Yugoslavia as Socialist Republic of Macedonia 1538–1717: New Kingdom of Granada, within the Viceroyalty of Peru, part of the Spanish Empire c.1502 BC-c.1448 BC: Part of the Kingdom of Mitanni Below is a list of sovereign states with the dates of their formation (date of their independence or of their constitution), sorted by continent. 1370–1405: Part of Timurid Empire 1215–1561: Terra Mariana (later known as Livonian Confederation), a directly subject to the Holy See 1390–1914: Part of the Kingdom of Kongo 256 BC–125 BC: Part of the Greco-Bactrian Kingdom 1806–1813: Principality of Liechtenstein, in union with other 36 states in the Confederation of Rhine 1132–1471: Principality of Kiev (state of the Kievan Rus' from 1132 to 1240, the capital city of the Kievan Rus' was the city of Kiev [capital city of modern Ukraine].
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